The tree likes Sun to shade at the location and the soil should be fresh humus soils. The inner bark is astringent. American Hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana Height: 20’ - 30’ Spread: 20’ - 30’ Shape: Round, spreading Site preference: Rich, moist soils Zone: 3b - 9a Wet/dry: Prefers moist soil, but will tolerate some intermittent drought. Carpinus caroliniana, the American hornbeam, is a small hardwood tree in the genus Carpinus.American hornbeam is also known as blue-beech, and musclewood.It is native to eastern North America, from Minnesota and southern Ontario east to Maine, and south to eastern Texas and northern Florida.It also grows in Canada (southwest Quebec and southeast Ontario). Commercial use of hornbeam wood is not practicable, however, due to the limited amount of wood that can be harvested per tree. Leaves emerge reddish-purple, changing to dark green, then yellow to orange-red in the fall. Common Uses: Fuelwood, wheels, handles, shafts, and other small wood parts. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Our future. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. This native tree is also known as Blue Beech, Ironwood, and Musclewood; names inspired by the smooth, gray, irregularly fluted trunk. Tolerates dry, shady sites. is readily available in typical beaver habitat. The leaves of hornbeam are used to prepare distilled water that can be used to treat various eye conditions such as puffy eyes, conjunctivitis, sore eyes, sensitive eyes, and even dark circles. Copyright © 4896 Mac Millan Interactive Communications, LLC. Uses of hornbeam. Native American Chippewa used the tree for tent and wigwam supports. Common Uses: Furniture, canes, tool handles, and other turned objects. A handsome tree in many locations, the tree slowly reaches a height and spread of 20 to 30 feet. American hornbeam, also known as musclewood or blue beech, is a small, slow-growing understory tree native to hardwood forests of the eastern US and Canada. The leaves turn dark green in summer and then come ablaze with shades of yellow and orange-red in fall. The wood is not subject to cracking or splitting and was used by American pioneers for bowls and dishes. Commonly found in wooded areas as an understory tree. Upright'): A narrow, upright cultivar with improved red-orange fall color; 20 feet high by 10 feet wide. With the more recent arrival of several new cultivars which display some of the best characteristics of this species, an update on this tree is in order. Firespire™ American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana 'J.N. beech, water beech. It will grow with an attractive open habit in total shade, but be dense in full sun. Other Uses. What Are The Benefits Of Apple Cider Vinegar And Cinnamon? Browse the curated collection and add your voice! The American hornbeam, Carpinus caroliniana, is an inconspicuous tree that I had much difficulty identifying.It is relatively unknown today but once it had important uses in everyday life. Buy this classic tree today! The American hornbeam looks gorgeous in all seasons. Comments: Hophornbeam is a member of the Betulaceae family, and is somewhat related to Birch (Betula genus) and Hornbeam (Carpinus genus). With progress, most of these uses have become obsolete and the American hornbeam has become a … From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. The extremely hard wood of this tree will, as the common name suggests, take a horn-like polish and was once used by early Americans to make bowls, tool handles and ox yokes. Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits. Soil disturbance, road salt, air pollution, and hot, scorching conditions make the hornbeam unhappy. 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