He offered intelligence showing that a high-ranking officer was planning to defect to the British but was unaware of who it was. Sent to America in 1774, André became chief intelligence officer to the British commander in chief, General Sir Henry Clinton, in New York City. The day before his hanging, André drew a likeness of himself with pen and ink, which is now owned by Yale College. The wagon being now removed from under him, he was suspended, and instantly expired; it proved indeed "but a momentary pang." André then told them that he was a British officer who must not be detained, when, to his surprise, they said that they were Continentals, and that he was their prisoner. I have just witnessed his exit. He betrayed no want of fortitude, but retained a complacent smile on his countenance, and politely bowed to several gentlemen whom he knew, which was respectfully returned. So soon, however, as he perceived that things were in readiness, he stepped quickly into the wagon, and at this moment he appeared to shrink, but instantly elevating his head with firmness he said, "It will be but a momentary pang," and taking from his pocket two white handkerchiefs, the provost-marshal, with one, loosely pinioned his arms, and with the other, the victim, after taking off his hat and stock, bandaged his own eyes with perfect firmness, which melted the hearts and moistened the cheeks, not only of his servant, but of the throng of spectators. Shippen also introduces Arnold to the enemy. IMDb E.J. Pausing to secure more aid, Peterson and Sherwood headed to Fort Lafayette at Verplanck's Point to request cannons and ammunition from their commander Col. James Livingston. Posted on June 1, 2014 Updated on June 1, 2014. On the morning of 22 September, the two American patriots, Peterson and Sherwood launched a two-hour cannonade on the Vulture, which sustained many hits and was forced to retire down river. Intelligence, he learned, could make the difference between victory or death. He passed along news of how many troops were stationed at the fort and when defenses might be weakest. Shortly thereafter, on 23 September 1780, Arnold's attempt to surrender West Point to the British was uncovered with the arrest of Maj. John André (1751-1780), the British spy with whom he had plotted. André rode on in safety until 9 a.m. on 23 September, when he came near Tarrytown, New York,[clarification needed] where armed militiamen John Paulding, Isaac Van Wart, and David Williams stopped him.. He was a great favorite in colonial society, both in Philadelphia and New York, during those cities' occupation by the British Army. The match was somewhat controversial, in part because Peggy leaned loyalist, while Benedict was an officer in the Continental military; and because he had a reputation as a fiery, impatient man who stood accused of illegal business dealings. Just in case you’ve been watching TURN in hermetic isolation or have only seen the episodes that don’t feature Major John Andre as a main character, I’m referring to the little white braid seen here. JJ Feild was born on April 1, 1978 in Boulder, Colorado, USA as John Joseph Feild. Perhaps the most notable liaison of Peggy’s teenage years was the one she had with Major John André, a British officer who, like her, seemed to break hearts wherever he went. Two younger brothers died during childhood, leaving Peggy as the youngest in the family. While many pleaded that André be spared, including American officers such as Alexander Hamilton, George Washington chose to carry out the execution. Peggy devoted herself to her children — four sons and a daughter — scrambling to ensure their financial well-being before she died of cancer on August 24, 1804. Andre was an officer in General William Howe's command.  From their position at Teller's Point they began to assail the Vulture and a longboat associated with it with rifle and musket fire. But when André was captured (and executed), Benedict’s treason was uncovered. Peggy served as Arnold’s accomplice in his famous act of treachery against the United States, not only helping him secure an audience with John André, a British officer she had befriended as a young woman in Philadelphia, but also flirting and cajoling Robert R. Livingston into securing Arnold’s strategic position at … Because of her family’s status, she met influential people, both loyalist (those who supported British rule) and rebel (those who sought American independence). The others left and Arnold came to André on horseback, leading an extra horse for André's use. The deal would allow the British to separate out New England from the dissident colonies. Andre Braugher was born on July 1, 1962 in Chicago, Illinois, USA as Andre Keith Braugher. The note gave Arnold time to escape to the British. The brothers finally agreed to row after threats by Arnold to arrest them. Major André walked from the stone house, in which he had been confined, between two of our subaltern officers, arm in arm; the eyes of the immense multitude were fixed on him, who, rising superior to the fears of death, appeared as if conscious of the dignified deportment which he displayed. While waiting and standing near the gallows, I observed some degree of trepidation; placing his foot on a stone, and rolling it over and choking in his throat, as if attempting to swallow. Arnold received Jameson's note while at breakfast with his officers, made an excuse to leave the room, and was not seen again. He attended school in Geneva, returning to London in 1767, two years before his father died. Arnold's Loyalist wife Peggy Shippen was one of the go-betweens in the correspondence. However, he did not attempt to pass the blame onto Arnold. We strive for accuracy and fairness. He was a prolific writer who carried on much of General Henry Clinton's correspondence, the British Commander-in-Chief of British armies in America. "Gentlemen," he said, "I hope you belong to our party." Peggy Shippen, wife of the infamous traitor Benedict Arnold, conspired with her husband to undermine the American colonists’ fight for independence from Great Britain. 2, 1780) was a British intelligence officer during the American Revolution.In 1779, he assumed oversight of secret intelligence for the British army and opened contact with American traitor Maj. Gen. Benedict Arnold.Andre was later captured, convicted, and hanged as … He … Alexander Hamilton was a Founding Father, a Constitutional Convention delegate, author of the Federalist papers and the first secretary of the U.S. treasury. ", Glover was officer of the day at André's execution. This was unnecessary, since Clinton already knew the fort's layout. In 1780, she joined Benedict in New York, where she gave birth to their second child on August 28, 1781. André, according to witnesses, placed the noose around his own neck. He also asserted that, as a prisoner of war, he had the right to escape in civilian clothes. William had ten children and t… André asked whether Tallmadge thought the situations similar; he replied, "Yes, precisely similar, and similar shall be your fate," referring to Hale having been hanged by the British as a spy.. In 1779, André became Adjutant General of the British Army in America with the rank of Major. Their third son William (died 1747) went to Geneva and married Mary Privat (died 1767). "We do," was the answer. He bore six papers hidden in his stocking, written in Arnold's hand, that showed the British how to take the fort. In the years before his death in 1801, Benedict traveled to various outposts, including Canada and Guadeloupe in the Caribbean, always trying to make money. He was dressed in his royal regimentals and boots, and his remains, in the same dress, were placed in an ordinary coffin, and interred at the foot of the gallows; and the spot was consecrated by the tears of thousands.... Although the Shippen family tried to remain neutral during the war — Peggy’s father considered it both safer and more financially prudent — the family’s sympathies leaned toward the British. The other son John married Louise Vazeille and had seven children. Andretti was a member of the famous racing Andretti family. Benedict Arnold was an American Revolutionary War general best known for his defection from the Continental Army to the British side of the conflict in 1780. John Andre conspired with Continental Army […]  In 1804 a memorial plaque by Charles Regnart was erected in the Grosvenor Chapel in London, to John's memory. His son David became a merchant at Genoa in Italy and died there 8 March 1737/8 but his will was proved in London. The prisoner was at first detained at Wright's Mill in North Castle, before being taken back across the Hudson to the headquarters of the American army at Tappan, where he was held at a tavern today known as the '76 House. Despite a lack of credible evidence to support this, she remains an icon of American history. Wife of American Traitor General Benedict Arnold Peggy (Margaret) Shippen was born on July 11, 1760, to one of the most prominent families in Philadelphia, which included two Philadelphia mayors and the founder of Shippensburg, Pennsylvania. Raised by an artistically gifted family near the Caspian Sea in southern Russia, Andre Kohn’s childhood was marked by an unfettered access to all the creative arts. Twice named prime minister of Great Britain, he helped to defeat Nazi Germany in World War II. Alexander Hamilton wrote of him: "Never perhaps did any man suffer death with more justice, or deserve it less." Nancy Andretti is the wife of the late American race car driver, John Andretti, who died on January 30, 2020, from cancer. He had a lively and pleasant manner and could draw, paint, and create silhouettes, as well as sing and write verse. B. Ronald Hardcover $18.77. Major John Andre (May 2, 1750–Oct. The two men conferred in the woods below Stony Point on the river's west bank until nearly dawn, after which André accompanied Arnold several miles to the Joshua Hett Smith House (Treason House) in West Haverstraw, New York, owned by Thomas Smith and occupied by his brother Joshua. He was then caught by three American freelance soldiers just a few miles from British-held New York City, New York. asked one of the men. James André, of Nismes in France, was the earliest ancestor he could find. Chester, an American genealogist who edited the "Westminster Abbey Registers", did a lot of research into the André family.  In 1821, at the behest of the Duke of York, his remains, which had been buried under the gallows, were removed to England and placed among kings and poets at Westminster Abbey, in the nave, under a marble monument depicting Britannia mourning alongside a British lion over André's death. Washington was further irritated to find that Arnold had breached protocol by not being about to greet him. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.. On 29 September 1780, the board found André guilty of being behind American lines "under a feigned name and in a disguised habit" and ordered that "Major André, Adjutant-General to the British Army, ought to be considered as a Spy from the enemy, and that agreeable to the law and usage of nations, it is their opinion, he ought to suffer death. He was hanged as a spy by the Continental Army for assisting Benedict Arnold's attempted surrender of the fort at West Point, New York, to the British. He contacted Peggy’s friend André and offered to provide him with information that would help the British win the war. Ships from and sold by sweethomeliquid2. This was due to an incident in which he assisted Benedict Arnold's attempted surrender of the fort at West Point, New York to … John Andre was born in London in 1750 to French Protestant (Huguenot) parents. They picked up André and placed him on shore. Heinz is the widow of former U.S. Despite Arnold's assurances, the two oarsmen sensed that something was wrong. According to Tallmadge's account of the events, he and André conversed during the latter's captivity and transport. Peggy’s response was to have what appeared to be a breakdown. It was at these gatherings that Peggy first met John Andre. John André (2 May 1751 – 2 October 1780) was a major in the British Army and head of its Secret Service in America during the American Revolutionary War. At age 20, he entered the British Army and joined the 7th of Foot (Royal Fusileers) in British Canada in 1774 as a lieutenant. He then told them that he was a U.S. officer and showed them his passport, but the suspicions of his captors were now aroused. John André (May 2, 1750 – October 2, 1780) was a British army officer hanged as a spy during the American Revolutionary War. On Oct. 2, 1780, British intelligence officer John Andre met his awful fate with courage, much as his American counterpart Nathan Hale met his four years earlier. André Rieu has been married to his wife, Marjorie Rieu, for 40 years (as he told us in an exclusive Valentine's Day video – link below). None of these men knew Arnold's purpose or suspected his treason; all were told that the purpose was to do good for the patriot cause. E.J. André thought that they were Tories because one was wearing a Hessian soldier's overcoat. They have three children. Cray, Robert E. Jr., "Major John Andre and the Three Captors: Class Dynamics and Revolutionary Memory Wars in the Early Republic, 1780–1831", This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 01:08. In December 1781, they left for London. Their evidence? Their repulsion of the British sloop effectively stranded André on shore.. Tallmadge had been a classmate of Nathan Hale while both were at Yale, and he described the capture of Hale. He also acted in The Waltons, Bonanza, Gunsmoke and Petticoat Junction. She met Arnold during his tenure as military commander of the city following the British withdrawal in 1778. Washington and other prominent American leaders sympathized, thinking she was as much a victim of Benedict’s treachery as they themselves were. Sargent, The life and career of Major John André, 400. His breakfast being sent to him from the table of General Washington, which had been done every day of his confinement, he partook of it as usual, and having shaved and dressed himself, he placed his hat upon the table, and cheerfully said to the guard officers, "I am ready at any moment, gentlemen, to wait on you." On the day of his capture, James Rivington published André's poem "The Cow Chase" in his gazette in New York. , The names of André's captors were John Paulding, David Williams, and Isaac Van Wert. They searched him and found Arnold's papers in his stocking. Having left a mother and two sisters in England, he was heard to mention them in terms of the tenderest affection, and in his letter to Sir Henry Clinton, he recommended them to his particular attention. Only Smith was told anything specific, and that was the lie that it was to secure vital intelligence for the American cause. He was promoted to captain in the 26th Foot on 18 January 1777, and to major in 1778. It was re-dedicated in 1880 and today is located in Patriot's Park on U.S. Route 9 along the boundary between Tarrytown and Sleepy Hollow in Westchester County. Teresa Heinz (born Maria Teresa Thierstein Simões-Ferreira; October 5, 1938), also known as Teresa Heinz Kerry, is a Portuguese-American businesswoman and philanthropist. , British Army officer during the American Revolutionary War, Head of British Secret Service in America, NOTE: The capture occurred in the area of present day, Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660-1851, Rupert Gunnis, Intelligence in the American Revolutionary War, "Pounds Sterling to Dollars: Historical Conversion of Currency", "Commemorating the Defense of Teller's Point", Local History: British Agent Detained in Tarrytown, Executed in Rockland, "Benedict Arnold, John André, and His Three Yeoman Captors: A Sentimental Journey or American Virtue Defined", "The Capture of Major John André" by A.C. Warren (1856), Letters from André, including coded interchange between André and Arnold, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_André&oldid=992199854, 18th-century executions by the United States, 18th-century executions by New York (state), British Army personnel of the American Revolutionary War, British military personnel killed in the American Revolutionary War, British spies during the American Revolution, Huguenot participants in the American Revolution, People executed by the United States military by hanging, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Articles lacking reliable references from November 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2019, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "He was more unfortunate than criminal." 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